Damage to the brain caused by one or more issues either before birth (from congenital or degenerative disorders) or after birth, sometimes called an acquired brain injury (ABI). ABIs are divided between those caused by external traumas (e.g., automobile accident, medical malpractice) or non-external factors (e.g., stroke).
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) can range in severity from mild (a.k.a., concussions) to much more severe injuries that can be fatal. TBI victims are often measured against one or more scales such as the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), or the Rancho Los Amigos Scale (RLAS) to help determine the extent of their injury and the prospect for recovery.
Victims of brain injuries often face many hurdles and may suffer from amnesia, aphasia, nausea, dizziness, or impairment to their cognitive abilities. These injuries can result in the inability to work causing financial stress on your household, emotional strains on relationships with family and friends, and an overall decrease in quality of life.